A Week In Color 21

Your Weekly Negritude Newsletter.

Special Edition: #SudanUprising


On June 27th, the Sudanese movement protesting for the military to handover to civilian rule received a new proposal for a transition drafted by Ethiopia & the African Union (AU).

Yay! Here’s to the AU actually doing work.

Although, this move did happen after Sudan’s ruling generals appealed to mediators from the AU & Ethiopia to assist Sudan with unifying their efforts.

  • The Alliance for change announced their acceptance of Ethiopia’s initial formulated proposal while the Transition Military Council (TMC) rejected it. It called for a designated transitional parliament of 300 lawmakers with 67% of them from the Alliance for Freedom & change. The 33% remaining were to be from other political groups excluding the National Congress Party of deposed President-Dictator Omar al-Bashir.

The new joint proposal includes a sovereign council made up of 7 civilians & 7 members of the military. One additional seat is reserved for an independent member. However, it lacks specific required details to carry it out. For instance, the exact makeup of a legislative council.

As covered in previous In Colors’, the discussions between the TMC & protestors; the opposing coalition, collapsed when security forces stormed a peaceful protest sit-in outside the defense ministry on June 3rd, turning it bloody by killing demonstrators.

  • Atleast, 128 people have been killed since the crisis ensued. The Health Ministry, in bed with TMC, put the overall death toll on June 3rd at 61 people nationwide.

Other players on the chess board;

Montreal-based firm, Dickens & Madson Inc. signed a lobbying contract on May 2019 with Sudan’s military council.

  • The Canadian firm signed a $6m deal to campaign on behalf of the TMC to foreign governments.
  • The contract states that the company will assist with lobbying the governments of the US, Russia, Saudi Arabia & others “the beneficial development of your political aims“.

We shall use our best efforts to ensure favourable international as well as Sudanese media coverage for you and we shall further undertake to obtain financing for you from the United States, the Russian Federation and other countries,” the document said.

We shall also strive to obtain funding and equipment for the Sudanese military.” 

The document was signed by Rapid Support Forces commander Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo.

Egypt has voiced their support for the military council, pressing the African Union not to suspend Sudan’s activities in the regional block.

Saudi Arabia & United Arab Emirates have pledged $3bn in aid to bolster Sudan’s economy.

We all can’t collectively think of a reason he would be biased & inclined to say that, right?

Sudanese activists fear these 3 countries may be in cahoots; playing a dubious game to push the military to cling on to power rather than help the country move with democratic change. Valid concerns, considering the history of the 3 states & their leaders who have suppressed political freedoms in their countries.

TMC spokesperson, Lieutenant Kabashi said the new AU-Ethiopia proposal was “a suitable proposal for negotiations to reach a final agreement leading to the establishment of the institutions of transitional rule” adding that the TMC was ready to continue “immediate serious & honest negotiations“.

With emphasis on the “honest“?

On Sunday, June 30th, tens of thousands of protestors flooded Khartoum & Omdurman; along with cities across country.

This is the 1st protest since the June 3rd massacre; sit-in protest in Khartoum.

  • It was dubbed the “millions march”.

3 bodies with bullet holes were found in Omdurman city on Monday.

  • This brought the death toll of Sunday’s anti-military to 11.
  • The Transitional Military Council blames the protest leaders for the deaths.


Tech Talk: #SudanUprising , A Tech Solution

Unless you live under a metaphorical rock and haven’t read our weekly updates; week in color: 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 18, 20 , you are aware of the revolution that is occuring right now. As of Sunday, June 16, 2019, in Sudan. And as we write.


Sudan has been experiencing constant instability in government since the independence of South Sudan in 2011 & a huge lack of foreign currency.

On Monday; June 3, paramilitaries in Khartoum threw dozens of bodies into the Nile in an attempt to hide the number of casualties they inflicted during a pro-democracy protest at the capital.

According to doctors & activists, more than 100 people have been killed in the crackdown against demonstrators by Rapid Support Forces (RSF) across Sudan.

Sudan has been under military rule since President-dictator Omar al-Bashir was knocked off his 30-year reign.

It was suggested that a military-led transitional government would lead the country to democracy.

The Sudan Doctors’ Committee; the medical arm of the SPA, said security forces retrieved more than 40 bodies from the Nile.

This contradicts previous estimates on Monday’s attack in the central Khartoum, which puts the death toll at 20 people.

Details of rapes by the RSF are also coming to light.

The break down of possible negotiations between the military & protest leaders began due to disagreements over military or civilian leadership of a transitional body.

The internet has been shutdown in Sudan.

A recurring problem.

As things have shown so far, internet shutdowns and oppressive regimes go hand in hand. What easier way to disconnect a people than to shut down the roads by which they access the internet, specifically, twitter, to voice thoughts or instagram to share imagery.

A Technology Solution

But first, let’s get you up to speed.

With a thing called a Wireless ad hoc network.

Wireless ad hoc network:

is a decentralised type of wireless network. The network is ad hoc because it does not rely on a pre-existing infrastructure, such as routers in wired networks or access points in managed (infrastructure) wireless networks.


and don’t forget;

The Internet is

the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing.


Now, we know a wireless ad hoc network is a wireless network that does not require infrastructure to function. We also understand that the internet can be simplified to the connection between computers, one computer accessing files and protocol on another computer.

On to the next!

Recently, the proprietary mobile app FireChat has developed a social messaging option that does not necessarily require an Internet connection.


By utilizing bluetooth and WiFi signals FireChat can connect phones together and get messages across using wireless mesh networking. (A form of ad hoc wireless network)

Repurposed for a cause: #SudanUprising the App

Now let us see if we can use these basic network principles and technology examples to create an app that would be of service to those protesting for the revolution in Sudan.

Powered by the people of Sudan

After receiving a copy of the app via, internet, Wifi, bluetooth, or simply a thumb drive, revolutionaries; like members of the Alliance for Freedom & change in Sudan, can sign up with an anonymous username, set a password, authenticate permissions and begin sharing information.

The app will function best in densely populated areas where data can be shared from phone to phone reliably.


#IamtheSudanRevolution Timeline

This modified timelines allows revolutionaries to share and exchange images, thoughts, and information in a central location, creating a virtual meeting place, where physical restrictions are in place.

#StandwithSudan Community Watch

As death tolls rise, and images of violence make there way to social media timelines. Revolutionaries in Sudan will be able to strategically organize and plan demonstration routes avoiding violent military opposition. In moments of anarchy check this map to remind yourself you are never alone. The signal feature also allows revolutionaries to alert others of danger, and human rights violations.

This concludes this week’s Tech Talk.

Remember #WeToldYou


PODCAST: Is calling a significant other ‘zaddy’ or ‘daddy’ during intimate moments Oedipal complex?

Joy & Adeshola are bykkke for a new season! 
Is calling a significant other ‘zaddy’ or ‘daddy’ during intimate moments Oedipal complex? On all your streaming platforms. Yes! Including iTunes & Spotify. Link in bio! Just remember #whotoldyou” ! Cause #wedid#panafricanism 
The Oedipus complex; one of Sigmund Freud’s theories under his psychosexual stages of development, specifically, at the phallic stage, states that children are in competition with their same sex parents due to their attraction to them. And the usual ratchery! Pray for Sudan! Gorilla swallows 7million Naira. Illinois legalizes recreational marijuana & Oregon lawmakers passes a bill to put a stop to racist 911 calls. Coza pastor exposed !

Frantz Fanon (1925 – 1961)


They realize at last that change does not mean reform, that change does not mean improvement.” 

Frantz Fanon was born on July 20th, 1925. On the Caribbean island of Martinique, which was a French colony but is now being described as a “single territorial collectivity”. This means, according to the French constitution of 1958, “provides” -the island- local autonomy within limits prescribed by law. 
Fanon’s intellect & unique life experiences set him up to be an important voice in 20th century philosophy. Fanon was born into a well-off middle class family with 7 siblings. Due to Fanon’s family’s socio-economical class, his parents were able to afford him the opportunity to attend one of the most prestigious high-schools’ then in Martinique; Lycée Schoelcher. There, Fanon was influenced by his school teacher, legendary French poet & writer; Aimé Césaire. Césaire was said to be one of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature. Négritude is a literary movement popularized in the 1930s, 40s & 50s that began among French-speaking African & Caribbean writers living in Paris, as a protest against French colonial rule & the policy of assimilation. Frantz Fanon went on ahead to be a huge champion for the movement later in his life. Lepold Sédar Senghor, Senegal’s 1st elected president, was also at the forefront of the Négritude movement. 
At the young age of 18, Fanon left the island, joining the Free French forces during World War II. Fanon took note of the severe racism against Black people he was exposed to during the war. Giving the example of  white women preferring to dance with fascists Italian prisoners, than associate with the Black soldiers who liberated them. 
Sad. For them. In 1945, he shortly returned to Martinique. Working with his mentor Aimé Césaire & completing his baccalaureate, before heading on to the University of Lyon, in France, to secure a degree in medicine & psychiatry. One of Fanon’s earliest work; Black Skin, White Masks was actually a rejected doctoral dissertation. It was Entitled; Essay on the Desalination of the Black. It was a response to all the racism he experienced in Lyon while pursing his degrees. Psychoanalyzing the oppressed Black person, living in a white world where they are perceived as less than & how they navigate the world through a performance of whiteness. He later submitted another dissertation on a narrower subject to gain his doctor of philosophy degree but proceeded to publish the turned-down manuscript while completing his residency in psychiatry at Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole, in the south of France. In 1953, Fanon moved to Algeria, accepting the position as a psychiatrist at Blida-Joinville Psychiatric Hospital. He was said to have “radical” methods of treatments; using socio-therapy in order to connect with his patients’ cultural backgrounds, training nurses & interns. Fanon was appalled by the differences of the living standard between European colonizers & the indigenous people. Specifically, the racism Algerians experienced in their own home land. November 1954, was the outbreak of the Algerian Revolt. Being that he worked for a French hospital in Algeria, Fanon was responsible for catering to the psychological distress of the French soldiers & officers who tortured Algerians as a means to suppress the anti-colonial resistance, also while treating Algerian torture victims. It was then he quickly realized he could no longer support the French effort. In 1956, Fanon quit his job at the hospital & joined the Front de Libération Nationale, moving to Tunis to found the magazine; El Moudjahid (Freedom Fighter). 
In 1960, Fanon served as ambassador to Ghana for the Provisional Algerian Government (GPRA). This same year, he was diagnosed with the dreaded leukemia. When Fanon wasn’t confined to his bed due to his illness, he delivered lectures to officers on the Algero-Tunisian border.
 In his work “The Wretched of Earth” Fanon argued the deep connection between colonialism & the mind. Proposing violent revolution against colonial control that must be combined with rebuilding national culture. We wonder what his thoughts on gentrification would have been. Fanon passed away on December 6th, 1961, in Bethesda, Maryland. Shortly after he travelled to the US in hopes to receive advance treatment for his illness. He inspires & leaves us with a whole lot to ponder on.




Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o (1938 – Present)



Ngũgĩ was born on January 5th, 1938, in Kamiriithu near Limuru in Kiambu district, Kenya. He is of Kikuyu descent. Ngũgĩ grew to witness the Mau Mau Uprising A.K.A The Kenya Emergency. An 8-year-long war, beginning in 1952, between the Kenya Land Freedom Army (KLFA) & the white european colonizers. The KLFA mostly consisted of the Kikuyu people, Meru people & the Embu people, as well as many others. Ngũgĩ ‘s half-brother Mwangi was an active member of the KLFA. Ngũgĩ’s mother was tortured in the Kikuyu Home Guard, sanctioned by the colonial government. It was named after the British Home Guard, formed by the colonizers in response to the revolutionary push during the Kenya Emergency. 30% of the Kikuyu Home Guard members were press-ganged into joining & it was purposefully intended to be divisive as it had the appearance of a Kikuyu led initiative. He was baptized James Ngugi & attended Alliance High School, later enrolling as a student in Makerere University College, Kampala, Uganda. 
In May 1964, Ngũgĩ debuted his first novel; Weep Not, Child. It was the 1st novel in English to be published by a writer from East Africa. It followed the life of a Kikuyu family & their story in the struggle for Kenyan independence during the state of emergency & the Mau  Mau uprising. Later in the year, Ngũgĩ scored a scholarship to the University of Leeds, so he travelled to England to bag an MA. There, Ngũgĩ wrote his second novel; The River Between, currently on Kenya’s national secondary school syllabus. Ngũgĩ never completed his thesis at Leeds. It was on Caribbean literature. In 1967, Ngũgĩ published A Grain of Wheat. It marked a change of his ideology  & teaching, with Ngũgĩ renouncing Christianity & embracing Fanonist Marxism. He began to write in his native tongue; Gikuyu, & Swahili. In this same year, he began to teach at The University of Nairobi as a professor of English literature, where he initiated the conversation to change the name of the English literature department to just literature. Aimed to reflect studying other literature in other languages. Ngaahika Ndeenda (I Will Marry When I Want) co-written with Ngũgĩ wa Mirii in Kikuyu in 1977,  was the play that earned Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o the title of political prisoner. The play provoked the then Kenyan Vice-President Daniel arap Moi, who immediately ordered Thiong’o’s arrest, subsequently leading to Ngũgĩ spending roughly a year in the Kamiti Maximum Security Prison. There he had an epiphany. The 1st thing the oppressor does is tear the people away from their spoken language, from then Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o decided to stop writing his plays & other works in English all together. He wrote his 1st modern novel; Devil on the Cross, in Gikuyu, on prison-issued toilet paper. Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o was released in December 1978. Unfortunately, his teaching job as a professor at the Nairobi University wasn’t waiting for him. Thiong’o & his family were forced into exile soon after. Due to his writing about the injustices of the dictatorial government at the time. He returned to Kenya with his family on August 8 2004 as part of a month-long East African tour. On August 11, robbers broke into his high-security apartment assaulting Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o & sexually assaulting his wife; Njeeri. They also stole various valuable items. 
The attack was rumored to be politically motivated. 
Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o & his family fled back to the US after the unfortunate incident. Some other notable works of his is a co-written play; The Black Hermit & his prison diary; Decolonizing the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. 
Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o sought to liberate the theatrical process  from what he deemed “the general bourgeois education system”. He encouraged spontaneity & audience participation during performances. He sought to avoid the “process of alienation [that] produces a gallery of active stars & an undifferentiated mass of grateful admirers”.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o inspires. 

Support the Artist: Kihmberlie


Meet Kihmberlie


The girl in front & behind the camera” -Kihmberlie’s bio.

& she’s not lying. She gives precise & detailed descriptions on how she comes up with most of her looks.

So how did we discover this creative genius?

As with most superstars that we bring to you; browsing the internet.

Kihberlie is an unsigned model…for now & if you ask us, any fashion house would be lucky to scoop this creative genuis up.

Fenty, what’s up?

So what make’s Kihberlie so special?

…So special, so special, so special. LOL

Not only does she make her own set; gathering props from anything in her grandfather’s closet to random household knicknacks. Kihmberlie also takes most of her pictures, relying on the help of a self timer & ladders when neccesary. With this, & a whole lot of creativity, she creates magical imagery.

The shoot below was inspired by a long saved Pinterest photo. But unlike the rest of us Kihmberlie actually followed through & executed it. She was able to get those angles by tapping her phone to the ceiling, & setting a automatic timer.


This other look down below, was inspired by Kihmberlie’s desire to look like a plant in a Terrarium.


Rocking her savagexfenty, she was able to achieve this look through the help of flowers from Michaels, a pool ball from Walmart, her mum & power inverter with some major hiccups you can read more about on her instagram post. What was important was she didn’t give up. Else, we would have never been able to witness this art.

Don’t give up on yourself.


Kihmberlie is based in California.

You can book her by contacting her at Kihm.berlie@gmail.com. Kihmberlie inspires us because she takes initiative to follow her dreams & actively shows us, sometimes, you just need a little imagination.


Sure, you’re mainstream but we want you in the know!

Review for You: Everything Pretty

Prettyboydo’s highly anticipated new album Everything Pretty begins with a heartfelt prayer from his mom. You can literally hear the love. Feel the passion most mothers have for their child, especially as it relates to when Nigerian offsprings decide to pursue an unconventional life path.

What is unconventional to them?

Well if you are Nigerian and you are not a doctor, nurse, accountant, engineer or lawyer, then what the actual fuck are you doing???! We don’t think so…obviously.

But this is how you are made to feel. That said we hear the prayer fueled by the unconditional love a mother has for her child & her desire to see her offspring happy and successful.

“Pretty boy, ladies & gentleman understand, Pra Pra, Prim Prim, they can never get us, they can never stop us, you understand. No be by rolly no be by G-Wagon, Fuck anybody”

DO quickly picks off of where his mother left of with some prophecies of his own. This album slaps in your car speakers or with headphones. You can feel the energy DO is radiating.

“because your papa give you fine car, when you see us now you don’t us to well”

DO has a unique way of expressing a thoughtfully conscious narrative throughout the album. His critiques of the Nigerian government and the dystopian social structure are down to earth & relatable. Prettyboydo voices the thoughts of millennial Nigerians living diaspora & at home. The verse then slips into DO’s signature melody, as he flexes his vocal prowess.

“Trying to get my mother motor”

The number of flows on display in this intro is simply a bold display of mastery, 10,000+ hours spent perfecting his trade. The transitions from rapping to singing to rapping are flawless. The development of DO’s sound has taken a new sonic frequency.

Production is distinct, DO has crafted his own lane, and is not scared to let the beat ride. On the Motto alone he has no features but when you listen to it, you make think you heard one . You didn’t, that’s just how good he’s mastered his voice inflections.

Shawn Micheal

The track begins with some inspiration from legendary soca & dancehall artist; Kevin Lyttle “Turn Me On“. DO, ever the witty lyricist used many WWE wrestling references. He mentions several wrestlers specifically the emotional archetype each fictional character embodied. Giving us relevant lyrics with a hit of nostalgia. Prettyboydo sings to his love interest about how he desires to take her down the way the undertaker would, an unconventional yet effective expression that is tastefully relevant. With consent though!


Bad vibes we terminate!

DO & Sugarbone team up on this track to co-create vibrant vibes the way only diaspora can. This track needs no commentary, checkout the video below.

This visual gives the world a peek into the life and times of the rapidly evolving counter culture. They say pictures are worth 1000 words. The vibez in this video leave us speechless.

Pata Pata

“I do my thing, yeah I do my thing Pata Pata”

Prettyboydo starts off again showcasing his signature sing song flow. Makes you want to throw up some finger guns & bust a whine!

The song has a smooth transition into his signature gidi rap flow. & yes! Most things are signature for DO because he puts in a lot of effort towards being different. It’s nothing you’ve heard before. Trust us. “Boom Boom Pow she want the realest G in town” (No Drama) presents duality, and versatility. This is an artist with multiple well developed flows.


In no hurry to place his rap persona on the shelf, Jarogn is another display of DO’s musical prowess. He is the singular artist on this song, yet there is ample space for his multiple flows to support, overtake, & compliment each other.

Pull Up

“Only man I fear is when I am looking in the mirror”

Here we have another standout track with a feature from the Alte Godson himself, Santi. Down below is the music video, and the emotions on display are raw. Prettyboydo’s videos always tell a story, all while staying culturally relevant.

Rabba Man

We love to hear DO’s freestyle flow. The track is supplied with assistance from Esojay Luciano. Bars. Bars. Bars. In a way only DO can deliver.

Awilo (Meow Interlude)

“And all the neighbors they can hear us through the window, & now she screaming so I make her bite a pillow”

To be honest this song would quickly made its way up unto anyone’s “Adult Activities” playlist….if you catch our drift. It is quite tastefully vulgar. The balance between that & Prettyboydo’s lyricism is splendid. Unmatched.

DO’s use of onomatopoeia throughout this track is a trademark of his sound. Here we have yet another song in which we hear a transition in the beat & lyrical flow. It’s steamy, it’s loud, it’s passionate.

“if you wanna get some good daggering; her father called said she not answering, her kitty wet I said she start stammering, I give her good, now she start staggering”

About two thirds of the way through the song it happens. The atmosphere has changed.

“Girl you make a man mad for you matter”

DO is now ever so gently conversing to his lover’s kitty cat. The story captured & reproduced in this track is truly a capsule of reality. Many can relate to it! & it’s all conveyed by an artist confidently painting a picture with his voice & cadence. Prettyboydo is a storyteller.

No Wahala

“How you say you wanna be my hommie, go behind my back & you be snitching on me”

DO is making clear statements. He is not here for the drama. His primary focus is on amassing funds. He is aware of people’s shifty loyalties. He does not trust lightly. He prefers to avoid problems. A.K.A Wahala & we can all relate.

Chop Elbow

A traffic stop inspired freestyle that is full of grievances & vexations with the Nigerian society & government. DO recorded this song right after he was unlawfully targeted by the Nigerian police due to his expression of self. Prettyboydo seems to have fun with his music. He seems to prefer to express himself with witty intelligence & humor.

Check out the visuals down below!

Itty Bitty

Here we have yet another display of the intimate side of DO’s artistry. This song is comparable to his song; Meow Interlude.

Mi Mother

The production throughout this album has been a new take on West African Hip-Hop sound. Afrobeats the incumbent genre has now given rise to a new alternative scene of the culture. A new interpretation of the atlantic breeze on West Africa’s shores. Mi Mother is a simple carol jam packed with vibez. A promise of love. Macking! the way on Prettyboydo can.


“Im a lover man & not a fighter”

We can hear dancehall & reggae influences in DO’s flow. It’s quite pleasurable -to say the least- hearing the cross collaboration of cultures within diaspora. The music would unite the people!

Footwork is a fantastic example of the genre DO titles his art: World