Your Afro-Negro Weekly Newsletter
Is the revolution here?
One search of the hashtag #SudanUprising & you will get real-time updates of the revolution currently happening in Africa’s 3rd largest country.
As covered in previous Week‘s In Color; Sudan has been experiencing –on-going– nationwide protests since December 19.
- The protests were sparked by the government’s decision to triple the price of bread & fuel.
- Things quickly snowballed into an anti-government protest, with Sudanese people asking for the end of President-Dictator Omar al-Bashir’s 3 decade rule.
- Sudan (located in Northeastern Africa) is no stranger to mass group demonstrations, having experiencing 2 prior revolutions in 1964 & 1985, this way.
- President-Dictator Omar al-Bashir took power of the country in 1989 thanks to a coup orchestrated by the National Islamic Front & it’s leader Hassan al-Turabi.
President-Dictator al-Bashir initially attempted various methods at quelling the protest:
Dissolving the federal & state governments; relieving previous governors of their position while strategically appointing military officers & high-ranking police as governors of state.
He also declared as State of Emergency on February 25; banning public gatherings & demonstrations. President al-Bashir insisted the nation-wide protests were not reflective of the general public’s concerns & blamed Sudan’s economic situation on international sanctions.
On Thursday, April 11; General Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf announced the removal of the 75-year-old longtime ruler via broadcast on state TV.
- General Ibn Auf stated that al-Bashir had been arrested & taken to a “safe” location, then declared that a military council would run Sudan for 2 years. A military-led transitional government into democracy.
- General Auf also announced the suspension of the constitution & introduced a month-long 10:00pm (20:00GMT) curfew.
- General Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf serves as Sudan’s defence minister.
Here’s the issue,
Sudanese people didn’t want this.
General Ibn Auf was one of the military officers appointed by the disgraced ex-ruler al-Bashir only 7 weeks ago! As his deputy; vice president!
Protestors rejected this military-led transition especially because General Ibn Auf –who was sworn in as Sudan’s new ruling council– was a part of the old regime & ruling party; National Congress.
- General Ibn Auf held a senior position in Sudan’s military for a long duration of time; serving as chairman of the joint chiefs of staff.
- General Ibn Auf served as head of military intelligence & security during the bloody conflict which began in 2003 within the country’s western region of Darfur. The population consisting mostly of non-arab negroes.
- According to the United Nations an estimated 300,000 Sudanese people lost their lives in the conflict, an additional 3 million displaced. In 2009 the International Criminal Court charged al-Bashir for alleged war crimes & crimes against humanity in Darfur.
- General Ibn Auf was sanctioned by the US for managing & aiding militias accused of carrying out genocide during the conflict with the US Treasury Department blocking his assets in 2007, along with 2 other Sudanese officials for their part in “fomenting violence and human rights abuses in Darfur“
- General Ibn Auf retired from the army in 2010, only to be brought back in 2015 as defense minister by al-Bashir.
Protester’s denounced the military’s moves as a “regime coup”.
Representatives of the anti-government Girifna resistance called General Ibn Auf’s announcement a “slap in the face“.
“We and all the opposition parties refuse to hand over power to the military. We want a totally civil leadership,” said Salah Sanhori, a member of the Baath Party.
The people of Sudan rejected suppression & disobeyed the imposed curfew.
General Ibn Auf’s heavy ties with the National Congress –the old regime– made Sudanese people fear the arrest of al-Bashir was nothing but a political facelift. Not the real change of power a civilian-led transitional government with the support of the military could be.
General Ibn Auf knew he couldn’t quell the large demonstrations, as previously reported –recently dismissed– President-Dictator al-Bashir had already tried various methods at that.
On the evening of April 12; Friday, with only about a day sworn in as leader; General Ibn Auf stepped down as the head of the country’s ruling military council. He named Lieutenant General Abdelfattah al-Burhan as his successor.
This set a wave of celebration in Sudan’s capital; Khartoum.
Thousands of protestors chanting “It fell again, it fell again,” piggybacking off the initial chant “Tasgut bas” which translates to “Just fall” what the demonstrators in the Sudanese diaspora cried out for the removal of al-Bashir.
Lieutenant General Abdelfattah al-Burhan previously held the post of general inspector of the armed forces. He was one of the first military officials to meet with the protestors in the streets; in hopes of fostering a dialogue between the people & state.
- Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo; also known as Hemeti, the commander of the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces was appointed as Lieutenant al-Burhan’s deputy. Hemeti too had urged the military council to start a conversation with the protestors.
- For al-Burhan’s first televised address to the nation, he reiterated the military council’s initial position, stating the council would rule Sudan for up to 2 years until elections.
- Al-Burhan said discussions would include “all the people of Sudan, including political parties and civil society groups”. He lifted the nighttime curfew intended for the duration of a month, vowing to “uproot the regime” of al-Bashir & its symbols, promising justice for the innocent protestors killed.
- A recorded death toll of 16 people was taken between the 11th-12th of April, with 20 others wounded by stray bullets at protest sit-ins.
However, Sudanese people were not content; demanding the military follow their carefully outlined Declaration of Freedom and Change, signed by various political & professional groups for the direction of a civilian transitional government.
Hassan Zain, a protester, welcomed talks between the two groups but said he felt Burhan’s speech was “no different” to that by Ibn Auf.
“Al-Burhan said all the right things,” said Dallia Abdelmoneim, a protester in Khartoum. “After 30 years, it’s impossible to just hand over to a civilian government. This coalition between the two seems the safest and best option for us all. They’ll both keep each other in check.“
April 14th; on Sunday ,the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA); an umbrella group at the forefront of the protests, said they’d stay in the streets demonstrating until there is a civilian-led transitional government.
Included in the 9-point list of demands on the Declaration of Freedom and Change was:
- Dismissal of all top judges & prosecutors, a freeze on all the assets top officials in al-Bashir’s regime & a reform of the dreaded National Intelligence & Security Service(NISS).
- Also the arrest of Major General Salah Abdallah “Gosh”; who had overseen a sweeping crackdown led by NISS agents against protesters taking part in 4 months of mass demonstrations that led up to the toppling of the old ruler (al-Bashir) & Mohamed Atta. Gosh resigned & Atta was fired from his position; an attempt by the military on taking a conciliatory stance.
Reforming NISS, while significant, “was not the main issue standing between the two sides – the main issue was how will the military council operate under the transitional government,” said Al Jazeera’s Hiba Morgan.
“There were concerns from the political parties that the military council will oversee the government and that’s something they do not want. They want an independent government in which the military council serves only as a protector.
“We still need the power to be transferred to the civilians and [for] the dissolution of the ruling party and the militias of the ruling party [to take place], said demonstrator Mohammed Atia.
Finally, early Sunday, the military council met with some political parties in Khartoum & urged them to agree on an “independent figure” to lead Sudan as prime minister.
Today; April 15th the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA) is urging Sudanese people to “protect your revolution”, after reports that army forces loyal to the military council had an unsuccessful attempt at trying to remove roadblocks put in place around the sit-in protests outside the army headquarters in Khartoum.
The African Union (AU) has threatened to automatically suspend Sudan’s membership if the military doesn’t hand over power to a civilian government in 15 days.
“A military-led transition would be completely contrary to the aspirations of the people of Sudan,” the AU’s Peace & Security Council says.
Isma’ il KushKush a Sudanese journalist & analyst says Islam plays a huge role in Sudan’s struggle for a permanent constitution. This is due to the Sudanese identity; understanding what that is.
Are they Arab, African or possibly a different identity? This would also help guide domestic & foreign policies; whether Sudan wants a central government or federal one.
The protests which began in December were spearheaded by the youth, consisting of teachers & professional practitioners. However, the important role of the Sudanese women could not be ignored.
- Inflation rates are said to be 75% in Sudan & NGO’s state the government reportedly embezzled up to $9bn in oil reserves.
The revolution is currently being televised.
Protect Ilhan Omar at all costs!
This is an example of what happens when a politician is actually honest & would rather steer away from “playing politics”.
Minnesota’s representative has been ruffling feathers since being sworn in & we love it!
As reported Omar is a Somali immigrant & a 181-year-old headwear ban was lifted to for Ilhan to don her hijab as she was sworn in office as Minnesota’s representative.
Over the past 2 months Ilhan has been called anything from antisemitic so someone actively committing treason.
The most recent backlash started when footage of Omar giving a speech against Islamophobia at a Council on American-Islamic relations resurfaced.
“Far too long we have lived with the discomfort of being a second-class citizen and frankly, I’m tired of it and every single Muslim in this country should be tired of it,” Omar said addressing the audience gathered in Los Angeles.
“CAIR was founded after 9/11 because they recognized that some people did something,” she said, gesturing as if to separate herself from “some people,” “and that all of us were starting to lose access to our civil liberties.”
Conservatives took Omar’s explanation of 9/11 “some people did something” to mean the Minnesota representative trivialized the attack.
Then proceeded to throw a slew of propaganda shrouded in Islamophobia at her.
This has called for a response from activists & supporters of transparency from the US government; who all decided to speak up & voice their opinions on how this type of rhetoric was endangering Ilhan Omar’s life.
We can tell you one thing though, it seems like it will take a lot more than that to scare Ilhan Omar away from voicing her opinions.
you said it!
America –& the rest of the world really– is still going through the mourning process of the untimely demise of rapper/activist Nipsey Hussle.
Rest in power black man!
If you ever wanted to know how gentrification & it’s effects are violent, take a look down below.
What did black people ever do to warrant all this resentment & unwarranted hate from non-blacks; Book 1000834977937 volume 76836862383
We absolutely love when the diaspora link up!
There is power in numbers & we are better together; united.
Nigerian superstar artist Burna Boy performed at Coachella music festival.
Young South African entrepreneur; Bright Hlongwane delivered a speech at the United Nations headquarters in New York, donning his traditional garb, head held high, looking awfully smart!
Does the Nigerian police care about the lives of its citizens?
There seems to be high correlation between the constantly plummeting Nigerian economy & the increasingly unruly behavior of the departments intended to enforce law & order in the country.
Stories of police brutality are recalled everyday, with Nigerians venting out their frustrations on social media. Hashtags like #ENDSARS were part of the youths response to the unjust treatment by Nigerian law enforcement.
This is the best chance at holding the Nigerian government accountable.
Inspector Dania Ojo is the most recent perpetrator of unwarranted violence & abuse of power.
shooting 2 individuals; a 20-year-old girl & a young man, returning from a night at the club.
- The 20-year-old lady died on the spot, while the young man was hospitalized in dire condition.
Inspector Dania Ojo did not work alone. Other rogue officers from the Trinity Police Station, Ajegungle were arrested too. This included Sergent Adeyeye Adeoye, Sergent Kashim Tijani, Sergent Lucky Akigbe & Sergent Paul Adeoye.
Nigerian music legend; Daddy Showkey sounds off on the brutalization of Nigerians in the hands of law enforcers & the lack of respect or value for human life in Nigeria.
More on police brutality & unruly Nigerian law enforcers:
On a lighter & brighter note;
Senator of Kano Rabi’u Musa popularly known as Rabiu Kwanwaso has set up a foreign post-graduate scholarship program.
Below is the Senator screening candidates who meet requirements.
Meanwhile, it’s hard to ignore the effects of pollution, we’re at a point where we have to surgically remove its consequences from the animals we share a habitat with.
On today’s episode of; why are men so violent?
If you ever find yourself in the much-anticipated Lagos traffic don’t be afraid to grab a meal on-the-go!
Can’t even hate!
We love solutions around a culture.
On April 11th; Dominic Oyugi was murdered in cold blood by Police Constable Joseph Mauti.
A sad Thursday night indeed for the people of Mokwerero, Kisii county.
Police Constable Joseph Mauti was said to have been frustrated after his 2-week long effort to seduce a barmaid failed.
Constable Mauti’s intention when he excused himself from a night shift at Itumbe police station armed with his rifle was to shoot the barmaid.
However, Dominic Oyugi; a hero, used his body as a human shield, protecting the barmaid.
Furious, Constable Mauti fired 2 shots into Oyugi’s stomach.
Dominic Oyugi died instantly.
Men are violent.
Evans Omayio; the deceased cousin said the word of the unfortunate incident got to the family at 11:pm.
“We are really saddened as a family, losing a young man
Alixinah Gesare; the deceased mother wants Constable Mauti arraigned & justice served.
Martin Kibet; Kisii county’s police commander said Constable Mauti requested permission to go eat supper before committing the crime at the local pub.
“We have received the report and the suspect is in custody awaiting completion of investigations after which he will be arraigned in court,” said the police commander.
Judge Mumbi Ngugi reduces Samburu Governor Moses Lenolkulal’s bail terms.
As reported in last week’s In Color; Governor Moses Lenolkulal was arrested on April 2nd to face charges including abuse of office & conspiracy to commit an economic crime.
- Governor Moses Lenolkulal’s bail reduced to Sh. 10M cash bail or Ksh. 30m bond.
How are the negroes in the U.K fairing?